Template:Infobox Metro

Stuttgart dt8

Rail motor coaches DT 8.7

The Stuttgart light rail of the Stuttgart trams AG (SSB) since 1985 is part of the rail rapid transit in Stuttgart. The standard gauge light rail network created by the expansion of the meter gauge streetcar, which in 1966 already reversed partially underground.
It consists of 13 regular lines and 2 special lines, the 13 underground, use 9 in part überdeckelte and 160 above-ground stations. The network comprises 213 km line length and 125 km length. Some light rail lines extend beyond the city of Stuttgart also to the neighboring cities of Fellbach (Rems-Murr-Kreis), Gerlingen, Remseck (both district of Ludwigsburg ), Leinfelden-Echterdingen and Ostfildern (both district of Esslingen).

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Lines Edit

The line network of light rail is composed of the Tallängslinien(U1, U14), the Talquerlinien (U5, U6, U7, U12, U15), the diagonal lines (U2, U4, U9) , the tangent lines (U3, U8 and U13) and two special lines (U11, U19) together. Lines, which operate only at certain events are in italics. Termini in parentheses are only Monday through Friday for the rush hour approached. <- NOTE: Driving times are rounded mean values ​​of the shortest and longest travel time. ->

Line Light rail route (1435 mm) stops (including underground) Line length (including underground) </ span> travel time (approx.)
Template:Rail-S-U Fellbach Lutheran Church - Bad Cannstatt - Charlotte Place - Heslach - Vaihingen 31 (6) 17.3 kilometers (3.6 miles) 40 min
Template:Rail-S-U Neugereut - Bad Cannstatt - Charlotte Place - Vogelsang - Botnang 28 (5) n.a. km (4.1 miles) 38 min
Template:Rail-S-U Plieningen - Möhringen - Vaihingen 11 (0) 7,9 km (0 km) 15 min
Template:Rail-S-U Untertürkheim - Ostheim - Charlotte Place - Hölderlinplatz 21 (5) n.a. km (3.5 km) 34 min
Template:Rail-S-U Leinfelden - Möhringen - Degerloch - Central Station - Killesberg 22 (5) n.a. km (n.a. km) 29 min
Template:Rail-S-U Gerlingen - Weilimdorf - Feuerbach - Prague saddle - Central Station - Degerloch - Möhringen - Fasanenhof 40 (8) n.a. km (n.a. km) 53 min
Template:Rail-S-U Monk field - Zuffenhausen - Central Station - Ruhbank / Television Tower - Heumaden - Ostfildern - Nellingen 36 (7) n.a. km (n.a. km) 50 min
Template:Rail-S-U Vaihingen - Möhringen - Degerloch - Ruhbank / Television Tower - Heumaden - Ostfildern - Nellingen
only Monday to Friday from 5:30 bis 19:30 clock clock every 20 minutes
engaging and disengaging the U7 and U15 are taking place between Möhringen (depot) and Ostfildern or Heumaden as U8. </small></small>
26 (4) 18.5 kilometers (4.9 miles) 33 min
Template:Rail-S-U Hedelfingen - Raitelsberg - Central Station - Vogelsang (- Botnang)
In the school holidays and outside the rush hour only between Hedelfingen and Vogelsang </ small. >
28 (4) 10.9 kilometers (2.3 miles) 34 min
Template:Rail-S-U Central Station - Rotebühlplatz - mineral baths - Stuttgart Beer Festival - Neckar Park ( Stadium)
only at carnivals, sporting events and concerts </ small>
For smaller events, only swing operating mineral baths -.. Neckar Park </ small>
23 (9) 8.2 km (4.3 miles) 20 min
Template:Rail-S-U Killesberg - Central Station - Degerloch - Möhringen (- Vaihingen)
Monday to Friday rush hour to Vaihingen.
21 (7) n.a. km - 21 min (29)
Template:Rail-S-U ( Gable -) Feuerbach Pfostenwäldle - Prague saddle - Bad Cannstatt - Untertürkheim - Hedelfingen
In the school holidays and outside the rush hour only between Feuerbach and Hedelfingen. </ small>
30 (3) 13.5 km (2.3 km) 39 min
Template:Rail-S-U Remseck-Neckargröningen - Mühlhausen - Münster - Central Station - Rotebühlplatz - Heslach Rain Bird 32 (7) 20.8 kilometers (4.6 miles) 45 min
Template:Rail-S-U Zuffenhausen - Nord train station - Central Station - Eugensplatz - Ruhbank / Television Tower (- Heumaden )
extension of Zuffenhausen to stem home under construction. Commissioning is expected December 2011. </ Small>
29 (4) 16.3 kilometers (2.4 miles) 49 min
Template:Rail-S-U Bad Cannstatt Wilhelm Platz - Neckar Park ( Stadium)
Only at events in the Neckar Park (Mercedes-Benz Arena, Schleyer-Halle, Porsche-Arena, Carl Benz Center ).</ small>
3 (0) 1.6 km (0 km) 3 min

In construction there is:

Line Light rail route (1435 mm) </ span> stops (including underground) </ span> Line length (including underground) </ span> Vsl. Commissioning
Template:Rail-S-U Zuffenhausen City Hall - Salt Meadow Road - Family Home 7 (1) 2.9 km (0.9 km) 11 December 2011

Conversion of the line network Edit

The SSB has the timetable change on 12 December 2010 a few light rail lines changed in its course. [1] [2] The northern branches of the lines U5 and U7 were exchanged, so wrong now for the U5 and U7 to Killesberg Mönchfeld . Likewise, runs the U4-like 25 years from Berlin-place on the previous line U2 to the Hölderlinplatz, the U2 wrong instead to Botnang.
The new light rail line runs between U12 and Möhringen Killesberg (in rush hour: Vaihingen-Killesberg). On the section Möhringen-Vaihingen it replaces in part the U6, which since 11 December 2010 of the trade area runs from Möhringen Fasanenhof East.

Uptime Edit

All lines except U5, U8 and U12 travel from shortly after 4 clock up to 1 clock cycle with different consequences: from Monday to Friday at the start of operation every 15 to 20 minutes, from 5 to 19 clock every 10 minutes and after 20 clock every 15 or after 23 clock every 20 minutes. On Saturday the 10-minute intervals is 10 bis 18 clock, on Sunday from 10 clock (U14), 11 Clock (U1, U6, U7), 12 Clock (U2, U4, U5/U12) or 13 Clock (U3, U9, U13, U15) to 18 clock, before and after the trains go every 15, 20 or 30 minutes. The lines U5 and U12 run complement usually at half the clock and on the section Killesberg Möhringen about the normal cycle.
The lines U6, U7, U11 (only for major events) and U12 (one round during the morning rush hour) run from Monday to Saturday during the day in double header, where the bus stops in Berlin Square / High Street (U11) and Jura road ( U12) of this 80 meter long trains can not be served.

History Edit

Killesberg U

U stop Killesberg

The city of Stuttgart train emerged from the network of trams, which shaped the urban transport in Stuttgart last long. The origin goes back to 1961 when it was decided by the local council to move the tram network in the inner city into the ground and it is largely in the outer regions, but not fully disconnect from private transport.
The first underground station was built 1966 at the Charlotte Square, where the cross with the Tallängslinien Talquerlinien. The tunnel between Neckartor and Marienplatz was finished 1972nd The underground lines and stations were back then proactively built with a standard gauge vehicles suitable for gauge.
The mid-70s was the introduction of an additional Subway discussed until 1976, the decision was made to replace the streetcar to successively by a more powerful light rail. and the main railway station and the sections on the stations University (now Friedrichsbau) | Up to 1978 the [King Street] [King Street (New York)] were and Türlenstrasse tunneled, and 1984 were followed by the stop Rotebühlplatz whose carcass Created in 1978 as part of the S-Bahn-Bau, Siemens and the tunnel road between the Prague saddle and the fire station Bacher.
To date, 13 other tunnels have been built: New wine crate (1987), Degerloch (1990), Feuerbach, Wiener Straße (1990), Weilimdorf (1992), Killesberg (1993), Botnanger Saddle (1994), Gerlingen (1997), Waldau (1998 ) and Sillenbuch (1999), Ruit (2000), Steinhaldenfeld (2005), Fasanenhof (2010) and Zuffenhausen (operating from 2011). The total length of underground lines is thus about 26 kilometers. The light rail system is designed so that it each time Subway could be rebuilt, provided funds are available. Contrary to popular opinion, theUin the line description is not available forUndergroundbut forindependent.
After the opening of the new line to the Killesberg in the spring of 1993, however, had taken part, the function in 1976, abandoned tram line 10, it was in 1999 with the extension of the U14 from Mulhouse to Neckargröningen first time since the beginning of the rail era a real network expansion. 2000 was followed by the commissioning of the 6.3 kilometers of new track Heumaden-Nellingen. Mid-2005, the district Neugereut connected to the rail network, the end of 2005 was the extension of Freiberg to Mönchfeld, 2010, finally, the extension of the U6 Möhringen to Fasanenhof.

Conversion of the tram on urban rail system Edit

The light rail should go to standard gauge and the access to the trains should be possible without the elimination of steps. In addition, balloon loop n no longer be necessary to route ends. The specially developed for Stuttgart light rail vehicle DT 8 took these requirements into account.
Since both systems had to be operated for an extended period of coexistence, transition solutions were required. The funding for the urban rail system lines were first on the three-rail track rebuilt. The (internal) third rail was then gradually expanded since again, where no trams more wrong.


high platforms, in light of the tunnel under the Botnanger saddle

Another challenge arose from the different platform heights. With the old trams of ascent was only on the street or from a low platform (underground station) is possible, the new light rail vehicle was the climb either accessible via a raised platform (the preferred and definitive solution) or on an underground station. The light rail vehicles older type (DT 8.4, DT 8.5, DT 8.7) are equipped with so-called folding step s that can be opened at the underground station. During the transition period than in the tunnels still wrong both types of vehicles, platforms were converted to half of high platforms. The rebuilding of the second half was only possible on the routes on which no wrong tram cars longer.
From 1982 to 1983 three pre-production vehicles of the Stuttgart light rail railcar DT 8 were used (DT DT 8.1 to 8.3) on the section Plieningen-Möhringen line 3 in the trial run. 1985, line 3 of Plieningen to Vaihingen first line was completely converted to rail. Then in 1986 the lines 1 and 14, 1988, the festival line 1989, line 9, 1990, lines 5 and 6, 1993 the new line 7 and 1994, the fourth line followed Between 1997 and 1998 the line was moved 13, 2000, the new HVZ line 8 and the discontinued "Event Lines" 16 (2006 through 19 replaced), 17 and 18 to operate on. In 2002, the conversion of tram line 2 was made on light rail.

Stuttgarter Straßenbahn

tram stop 15 on the saddle Prague, in the foreground raised platform of the station

In September 2005 the construction work for the conversion of the last meter gauge line Line 15 were recorded on light rail. First, maintaining the driving operation of the Südast Olgaeck to Ruhbank and the section was completed through the North Station area. In December 2007, the U15 and went between Ruhbank Zuffenhausen Kelterplatz in operation. On the two sections of the Südastes converted a three-rail track was laid, enabling the vintage car rides with meter track vehicles of the future tramway museum in Bad Cannstatt on the North Station to Ruhbank. From early 2008 until mid-2011 following the reconstruction of the northern branch of Zuffenhausen to Stammheim, the most challenging part is a tunnel under the Lower Country road. The northern branch is served during this time by a replacement bus service with buses.

Track Chronicle Edit

The tram lines 1, 3 and 14 in 1989 preceded the differentiation of the S-Bahn and tram lines, the letter U. The E-line to the Stuttgart Beer Festival and the stadium received its current name in 1994 as a U11.

Opening Date Light rail line new or reconstructed road sections
1 May 1985 3 (forward operation) Plieningen - Möhringen Bf (Last Day of Operations meter gauge to Plieningen: April 30, 1985)
28 September 1985 3 Möhringen Bf - Bf Vaihingen
19 April 1986 1 Fellbach Lutheran Church - Vaihingen Bf
12 July 1986 14 Mühlhausen - Mineral Baths / State Gallery - Berliner Platz - Austrian court
24 September 1988 E (festival line) Mercedes road - Stuttgart Beer Festival
30 September 1989 U9 Hedelfingen - Raitelsberg - Stöckach / Berliner Platz (Liederhalle) - Vogelsang
3 November 1990 U5, U6 Freiberg - Pragsattel / Feuerbach Pfostenwäldle - Leinfelden Bf - Saddle Prague / Prague saddle - Möhringen Bf /
Vaihinger Street
26 September 1992 U6 Gable - Feuerbach Pfostenwäldle
19 April 1993 U7 Killesberg - Eckartshaldenweg
13 August 1993 E (stadium line) Stuttgart Beer Festival - Neckar Stadium
3 October 1993 U6 Gerlingen settlement - Gable
24 September 1994 U4 Untertürkheim Bf - Wasenstraße / Wangener-/Landhausstraße - Ostend Court -
Bergfriedhof / Vogelsang - Botnang
1 June 1997 U6 Gerlingen - Gerlingen settlement
13 September 1997 U13 Pragsattel - Bad Cannstatt Wilhelm Platz / Augsburg Court - Schlotterbeck Street
27 March 1998 U13 Schlotterbeck road - Wasenstraße
23 May 1998 U7 Bopser - Ruhbank
22 May 1999 U14 Neckargröningen - Mühlhausen
11 September 1999 U7 Ruhbank - Heumaden
9 September 2000 U7, U8 Heumaden - Nellingen
22 June 2002 U2 General Cemetery - Bad Cannstatt Wilhelmsplatz
14 December 2002 U2 Berliner Platz (Hohe Straße) - Hölderlinplatz
16 July 2005 U2 Neugereut - General Cemetery
11 December 2005 U5 Mönchfeld - Freiberg
8 December 2007 U15 Löwenbrücke - North Station - Türlenstrasse / Olgaeck - Eugensplatz - Ruhbank
11 December 2010 U6 Möhringen - Fasanenhof
12 December 2010 U12 Killesberg - Hauptbahnhof - Degerloch - Möhringen

Railcars Edit

File:230720061032.jpg U14 Auwiesen

Main article: SSB DT 8
The fleet consists of 164 railcars of the type DT 8, specifically for Stuttgart and its topography of DUEWAG, AEG, Siemens, SGP (equipment) and Lindinger & Partner (Design) was developed. The term DT 8 stands for the motor coach with eight axes. There are now eleven o'clock series, the first three series were single prototype.

Depots Edit

The use of light rail trains are made of three depots. The depot in Heslach 1 {{Coordinate | NS = 48/45/16/N | 9/8/18/E EW = | type = landmark | region = GB BW | icon1 text = | name = city train depot Heslach} On 2} May we opened in 1985 and is equipped with a workshop and a car wash. Here, 40 trains are located, operating on the lines U1, U2, U4, U5, U9, U13, U14 and U15. Due to the ever growing light rail system to new parking facilities were needed. In 1989 the depot was built in two Möhringen Template:Coordinate, which was expanded in 1994 and the now 60 light rail vehicles are parked. Here is next to the SSB office and the main workshop and a car wash. From the depot in Möhringen is the car use the U3, U5, U6, U7, U8, U12 and U15. To the depot include the parking facilities Gerlingen (since 1997, ten trains) and Waldau (since 1998, five trains). On 10 May 2000, the depot 3 in Remseck-Aldingen Template:Coordinate on inaugurated. He offered in the first stage of a capacity for 40 trains are now stationed in the final 60 two-car train. As in other depots are also available in Aldingen a car wash and a workshop. The lines U1, U2, U13, U14 and U15 are used from here. The trains are on special lines, depending on availability, provided by all depots.
The former depot 5 in Bad Cannstatt {{Coordinate | NS = 48/47/57.5/N | 9/13/7.5/E EW = | type = landmark | region = GB BW | icon1 text = | name = Stuttgart Tram Museum} } were housed the last tram which plied by 2007 in the line 15. In July 2009, here the new Tram Museum has been opened, up to 28 October 2007 was in Zuffenhausen. The depot 10 at the Marienplatz Template:Coordinate (which is out Heslach at the SSB as the extension of the depot, which is also the driver of the train) is home to three gear trains of the type ZT 4 that the cog railway Stuttgart (line 10 ) run.

Stops (selection) Edit

Hauptbahnhof Edit


Station Central Station to these platforms to keep the lines U5, U6, U7, U12 and U15

Through the eight lines of clashing there Central Station is the main hub of the city railway. He has created four tracks and is located on level -2. At level -1, the Velcro Passage is filled with shops, while the | drives S-Bahn Stuttgart S-Bahn at the level -3. All four levels (± 0 to -3) are connected by lifts. In addition to the U5, U6, U7, U9, U11, U12, U14 and U15 were here by 2010, the vintage tram routes 21 and 23 Now, however, the low platforms are dismantled, so that a stop is no longer possible. The station was opened in 1976th In 2007, extensive renovations took place in the Klett Passage.
=== === Charlotte Square The stop Charlotte Square is an underground, four-track, two-story Tower Station. It is next to the main station of the main junction of the Talquerlinien Tallängslinien and four bus lines.
It is the oldest subway station in Stuttgart, the lower platforms (Tallängslinien) were opened in 1966, 1967 followed by the platforms of the Talquerlinien located on the platforms of Tallängslinien and this blunt and cut at an acute angle. It is part of an integrated transport structure, south of the lower stop is in parallel with a four-lane road tunnel on the train of the B 14, which goes under the Charlotte Square and the upper stop. The upper station was also used as a pedestrian underpass, an above-ground crossing the intersection was not possible (only in the 1990s were above ground pedestrian crossings created). In the 80 years the station received 96-cm-high platforms, for several years, the platforms of the Tallängslinien hochflurig completely. The platforms of the Talquerlinien other hand, are divided to this day in high and low platform sections, since wrong end of 2007 has trams and light rail. Today, the underground station and only for special tours of the vintage line 23 is used.
Due to the lack of intermediate level between the valley length and the Talquerlinien and the lack of central platforms must be overcome, depending on the transfer connections once or three times the height difference between the two floors. Each level required changes can be made by stairs or elevator, made up exclusively, by escalator. Southward between the platform and the Tallängslinien the escalators to the platforms of the two Talquerlinien another level difference is five or six steps, or a corresponding ramp.

Ruhbank (TV Tower) Edit


Ruhbank station (U7/U8) with DT 8.11, left in September 2006 still under construction ramp of the U15

The stop "Ruhbank (TV Tower)" (Kirchheimer crossing Hauptstraße / Filderstraße, see also Ruhbank), located some 400 meters southeast of Stuttgart TV Tower, is the most most populated areas distant from the city railway station and with Template:Height is the highest point in the railway network of the SSB. The 1997/98 in the years resulting light rail stops for the lines U7 and U8 is located on the city outward end of the tunnel Waldau. To the 80-meter platform means better integrated into the wooded area, we sat in the wooden structures more than one metal. Between its opening in May 1998 and the extension of the line of Sillenbuch Heumaden up in September 1999, the station Ruhbank the U7 served as a terminus.
For the line U15 was created in 2007 to a 40-meter-long parallel middle platform east of the previous tram turning loop. The U15 threaded through a shallow ramp about 60 meters after the stop of the U7 and U8 in which an existing line. The inside track on the meter gauge terminal loop has been preserved as the end of the vintage tram.
In the 530 meter long tunnel between the adjacent stations Ruhbank Waldau and runs through the center of the tracks, a siding track for five trains, which had shorter durations (Waldau-Killesberg) in increased traffic congestion during major events in the sports area Waldau provided. The SSB set this, however, a short runner no longer, so this track has no operational function more regularly now.
=== === State Gallery The stop state gallery is located at the Willy-Brandt-Strasse, in the north following the Gebhard-Müller-Platz, through which they of the eponymous National Gallery Stuttgart, about 400 meters southeast of the Stuttgart main station is disconnected. Here, keep the lines U1, U2, U4, U9, U11 and U14. The station is underground and is located directly next to the Planetarium Stuttgart.
With the completion of the construction project Stuttgart 21 - especially the excavation for the new central train station - is later than 2016 new, only in a simple depth and open at the top stop at the edge of the National Gallery Castle Garden arise. These must be moved from 2011 the previous light rail line and raised by several meters. After installing the new stop the current station is demolished.
Justified by the imminent demolition, the National Gallery stop one of the last stations in the Stuttgart tunnel network that is not accessible is available. As part of the U11 double header on the line increased high-level platforms were extended only with makeshift bridges.

Projects Edit

File:City rail Stuttgart DFI.jpg

=== Accessibility ===  The program for the accessibility use of light rail, should be continued, especially in regard to people with physical impairments. The aim is to equip all stations with high platforms and the installation of lifts at ground level not achievable stops. Since 12 December 2010, all lines fitted throughout with high platforms.

U5 Edit

Where a reconstruction since 1990, shut down and built back, but so far kept free path between and Leinfelden Echterdingen (backyard) is. It is possible an up to the outskirts to the continuation of underground industrial park planned Echterdingen East and from there to the airport / fair and / or direction Filderstadt.

U6 Edit

For the future, a continuation of the new line is from the industrial area east of Fasanenhof Stuttgart and the airport planned. [3] [4] The line runs to cross the A 8 east along the B 27 and the Rand Airport Road. In the cost-benefit analysis of the U6-cut extension better than a trade connection with the U5 of Leinfelden. Therefore, the U6-renewal is pursued, although both routes would be economical.
=== === Line U12 As part of Stuttgart, 21 is the year 2012 the construction of a light rail line from Central Station on the future of the European quarter, the North Station area, the Lion Gate district and Hallschlag to Hofen and by 2016 an extension to the existing line of U14 to Mühlhausen as far as Remseck planned . In the area of ​​the future European quarter (former freight depot, currently planning area A1 of Stuttgart 21) is a branch of the existing route before Türlenstrasse from the main station planned, where a new rail tunnel will extend to a new stop in Budapest court, and from there the North Station Road to the stop dairy farm, which is connected to the existing light rail network (U15). Construction of the open cut was to be constructed tunnel in November 2008 because the shell of the tunnel together with the new city library Library 21 is created. [5] From breakpoint to the Lion Gate Hall beat the track in the middle of the Lion Gate on a leafy street running track bed. With the start of construction is anticipated in the year 2011. The completion of the U12 is to Hallschlag scheduled for December 2012. In a further step, the route will be extended to Max-Eyth Lake and build on the existing route of the U14. The U12 will then go to Remseck, while the U14 then at the Max-Eyth lake ends. [6] In the other direction is planned, the U12 at the stop moat auszufädeln and the industrial area in Vaihingen-east as far as to lead Dürrlewang.
=== === Line U15 The largest construction project in the near future is the light rail moderate expansion of the former tram line between wine and master Zuffenhausen home with tunneling of the Lower Country road and the road Güglinger. The stops Stammheim City Hall and stem home are to be merged here. The amended between stops Kirchtalstrasse and salt marsh road route eliminates the stop tooth-studded street. Not realized, a thought in the early planning link between light rail and tram in Zuffenhausen, as the tunnel of light rail, the rail line to Ludwigsburg passes under a considerable distance from the station Zuffenhausen. The (re) start of the trail is scheduled for December 2011.
As part of Stuttgart, 21, was the completion of the U12 line has been planned, to change the course of U15 in the North Station and the future European quarter. The U15 would then be forwarded along with the U12 between the main railway station and bus stops Türlenstrasse and operate the new rail tunnel under the European quarter, the new space station in Budapest. From there the route continues over the future place in Budapest (intersection Wolfram-/Nordbahnhofstraße) along the North Station Road, where it then connects to the bus stop dairy farm to the existing route. After the beginning of 2008 by the SSB initiated amendment to the zoning decision is to route the Nordbahnhofstraße run above ground on its side and swirl about the height cemetery road in the middle position, whereby the stop dairy farm in the present situation can be obtained. Base for planning changes have included former traffic forecasts of up to 18,000 vehicles per day for the Rose Stone Street, which have proved to be scheduled due to the change in use conditions of the area as too high, and the intention of harming himself no chance, since it at the political level objections to a premature setting of the existing Streckenastes there. For the tracks in the cemetery road and the existing bus stop Prague Cemetery therefore remain open to all options Cite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag.

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