S-Bahn Stuttgart
Stuttgart S-Bahn
Length of route Expression error: Unrecognised word "km".
Stations 77
Clock sequence 15 min
Vehicles 420/421 BR 423/433

TheS-Bahn Stuttgart is the S-Bahn online job of Stuttgart Region, that is in Stuttgart and the four neighboring counties Böblingen, Esslingen, Ludwigsburg and Rems-Murr. Since the regionalization of the rail transport system is passed into the ownership role of the Stuttgart Region (VRS). Currently operates the transport mode S-Bahn Stuttgart the DB Regio Baden-Wuerttemberg, the S-Bahn on their behalf. It is a company with our own profit responsibility [1] He is not a legally independent unit out. The S-Bahn in Stuttgart is part of the Transport and Tariff Association Stuttgart (VVS), which the whole of the public transportation is based in Stuttgart and the four surrounding districts.

Operation Edit

BadCannstadt Neckarbruecke BR423

S-Bahn-completion (Class 423) on the Neckar bridge between Bad Cannstatt and Central Station


S6 to the city becauseat the station Hauptbahnhof ()

File:S-Bahn Stuttgart.jpg

Work every day travel on the 195.5 km long, 77-station grid around 340,000 passengers. Since December 2004 is the newly installed passenger information displays (FIA) instead of-the-departure times and a "Zugfolgeplan" the next three retracting S-Bahn trains with minute indication is displayed.

All six lines run underneath downtown through a two-track tunnel under the Schwab Station Road | next results for [Vaihingen] [station Stuttgart-Vaihingen]. This bottleneck limits the range of moves, the two and a half minutes a train path is already quite close to the technical limit. This value is from the line than ever today offered 15-minute intervals. A ten-minute intervals instead of taking into account the block distance at point-like train control is not possible and especially the passenger service time with the existing infrastructure.

Most trips end at the station Schwab Street, the regular end of S4, S5 and S6. Behind the station is an occupational specialty: Immediately after the exit in the direction of Vaihingen branches off to the right a balloon loop, the threading on the direction of the track from Vaihingen in the opposite direction back to the main line. The turning circle with a radius of 190 m can be driven with up to 50 mph. It contains a zuglanges siding, which is used for instance the existence of an additional train on the football games in the Mercedes-Benz Arena or other big events. Moved to the station Schwab Road and the turning loop, a first of two tubes of existing Tunnel by the Hasenberg before to after merger of the two tunnels into a tube and a slope of 3.5 percent about five kilometers of the underground train station Stuttgart University is achieved.

In the local situation Echterdingen Airport / Fair and Bernhausen the train passes through tunnels that were created in an open design. Between the station Airport / Fair and Bernhausen under the airfield she drives through a single-track tunnel built by mining. At the station Airport / Fair followed by a two-track tunnel, which was occasionally used as sidings for trains and is now used only one track. The second track is expanded. It is sometimes falsely claimed that it was a is a second, unused tunnel under the airport. It is true that this tube only extends parallel to the terminals, because it was built together with the first tunnel section in the direction Bernhausen open design. It ends before the actual airfield tunnel.

Technical director since 2002, Werner Faulhaber, before Plochingen since 1998 Head of the operating plant. Hans-Albrecht Krause since 1 September 2005, the business manager and spokesman for the S-Bahn Stuttgart. Krause took over from Andreas Schilling, who has held these positions since October 2001 and now heads the S-Bahn Rhine-Neckar.

Clock Edit

Originally the network was in the 30-minute basic clock operation (except in the evenings and on weekends in the early morning hours, at those times was only every hour driven), which was compressed in the rush hour on a 20-minute intervals. On the road sections Schwab or Schwab-Esslingen-Leonberg Road for the S1 and S6 at peak times was originally a ten-minute intervals.

On 2 June 1996, the entire network of 60/30/20/10-Minuten-Takt changed to a 60/30/15-Minuten-Takt. That means it was introduced on all six lines at peak times of the 15-minute intervals, so that each line serves equally with four trains per hour. For this purpose the acquisition of additional trains and increasing the performance of some external routes was required. However, this change meant for the sections Bad Cannstatt and Esslingen-Zuffenhausen-Leonberg a deterioration of the offer, in the rush hour traffic there, only four of six trains an hour previously.

Since April 2002 all services operate daily during off-peak time from early morning around 4:30 on the clock and around 5:00 clock terminal stations at the central station until about 1:00 at night clock throughout except in the 30-minute intervals (from a small period at the Sunday morning, in which there is still some lines on a 60-minute intervals). The exceptions are the two high-traffic line segments S1 and S6 Schwabstraße-Esslingen Schwabstraße-Leonberg, which are Monday to Friday outside peak hours traveled almost continuously from 5:00 bis 18:00 clock every 15 minutes. A switch to a continuous 15-minute intervals for lunch between morning and afternoon rush hours will be sought on these two line segments. These also operate on Saturdays already 8:00 bis 15:00 clock in 15-minute intervals.

An exception to the 15-minute intervals in peak hours are the S1 between Plochingen and Kirchheim (Teck), where due to insufficient line capacity, and in the S2 and S3 between Filderstadt or airport / fair and Vaihingen because of low demand, only a 30 -minute intervals there. For larger events on the Stuttgart runs the S3 but since November 2008 between the airport / fair and Backnang also in the 15-minute intervals. To facilitate this, the signaling between Tube was and airport / fair improved.

To power down the center lines overlap in time: The line of play on the main line railway station-Schwab Road (downtown) is in the rush hour by the superposition of the six operating lines two and a half minutes (as before the clock change from 1996). On sections, superimposed on which three lines (centrally located city of Stuttgart), in the rush hour, a five-minute intervals is reached (except Vaihingen-tube when S2 and / or S3 end before), as well as in normal mode a ten-minute clock. This is a most uniform operation (continuity). On sections with two lines there so in the rush hour a five / ten minutes (excluding Rohr-Flughafen/Messe as S2 and / or S3 end before), and in the normal cycle, one 10/20-Minuten-Takt.

Fleet and vehicle Edit

S-Bahn Stuttgart Type 423

An S-Bahn train of Class 423 just before the terminal S1 Herrenberg, the southern portion of the S1 is scheduled to sail only from this series

In 2010, the fleet comprises 86 units of the Class 420 (only 7 and 8 production run with swing doors), including two units of the modernized version of 420Plus, and 60 units of the Class 423 Cite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag.

History Edit

Background Edit


Series 465, the predecessor to the BR 420

To the Stuttgart metropolitan area a in the Clock timetable operated suburban services set up with electric railcars of Central Station were outbound routes to Esslingen and Ludwigsburg expanded four-track to 1931, with two tracks for suburban services were provided. The electrification of the remote as the suburb was 15 track Completed in May 1933. In the same year, the suburban-Esslingen Stuttgart-Ludwigsburg was specially developed motor coach of the Series 465 taken. After the Second World War, others added electric suburban lines that ended at the main station above ground. The local operation lasted until September 30, 1978, at which time the main line Esslingen Stuttgart-Ludwigsburg every 20 minutes operated by a three-minute head making. At the main station [2]

The first proposal to build an underground line in downtown Stuttgart for suburban services is from 1930, these considerations have been following the Second World War specified. Since the Stuttgart main station was relocated in the 1920s from the center to its present site, was initially primarily the construction of a downtown tunnel to improve the accessibility of the city center planned. Very soon, then a Link Railway on the Gäubahn in the planning included. From the late 1960s continued through the transport system planned for this term S-Bahn. After Stuttgart in the Tram to the partially underground transport rail has been expanded, the train was now primarily to satisfy the regional transport needs. This required numerous expensive building projects outdoors. Thus, expanded four tracks including the routes Bad Cannstatt-Waiblingen and Ludwigsburg-Bietigheim. [3]

Construction of the S-Bahn Stuttgart Edit

Allows the construction of the S-Bahn was finally, after the adoption of the Municipal Transport Financing Act is the funding could be secured. For the construction of a framework agreement between Federal rail, land and city of Stuttgart was closed during the construction phases were then agreed on specific execution contracts.

On July 5 In 1971, Federal Transport Minister Georg liver, the construction work on the site of the Stuttgart main station. It was intended to open up to 1980 with an S-Bahn network of 164 kilometers length 64 cities. Until 1977, the core should go with the 2.7-kilometer-long tunnel between Central Station and Schwab road in operation.Cite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag.

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